What Is the difference between umbilical cord matrix and umbilical cord blood?
While both the umbilical cord matrix and umbilical cord blood originate in the umbilical cord, the matrix is taken from Wharton’s jelly, which lines the cord, and the blood is actual blood left in the cord after it is cut. The stem cells found in umbilical cord matrix differentiate into neurons, which transmit neurological signals in the body, and glia, which connect the neurons. The stem cells found in umbilical cord blood differentiate into blood cells.
How does umbilical cord matrix work?
Umbilical cord blood is taken from the cord of an embryo; bone marrow is taken from an adult. This difference in age is thought to impact the stem cells in several ways:
Stem cells from bone marrow form fewer new stem cells to continue the regenerative process than those from cord blood.
Less volume of cord blood is required than bone marrow to achieve the same result. In fact, it is estimated that cord blood contains as much as 10 times the number of stem cells found in bone marrow.
Because the stem cells in cord blood are younger than those in bone marrow, they may have more powerful regenerative properties.
Are some people better candidates for the use of umbilical cord blood vs. bone marrow?
Cord blood may be preferable to bone marrow concentrate for patients:
- Under 30 years old.
- Under a certain weight
- With kidney, lung, liver, or heart condition
Why may umbilical cord blood be a superior regenerative treatment?
Typically, a bone marrow donor is a member of the recipient’s family, with a brother or sister usually the best match. Unfortunately, nearly 70% of those needing a transplant do not have a suitable donor in the family.